Ebook ì The Planet Remade How Geoengineering Could Change the World µ Oliver morton


Kindle The Planet Remade

Ebook ì The Planet Remade How Geoengineering Could Change the World µ Oliver morton µ The risks of global warming are pressing and potentially vast The difficulty of doing without fossil fuels is daunting possibly even insurmountable So there is an urgent need to rethink our responses tLiver Morton argues in this visionary book it would be as irresponsible to ignore them as it would be foolish to see them as a simple solution to the problemThe Planet Remade explores the history politics and cutting edge science of geoengineering Morton weighs both the promise and perils of these controversial strategies and puts them in the broadest possible context The past century's changes to the planet to the clouds and the soils to the winds and the seas to the great cycles of nitrogen and carbon have been far profound than most Lays out some of the major schemes for artificially mending climate change globally The suggestions are a bit blue sky speculation but not totally leftfield Some of them could work I think the politics is knottier than the engineering fixes Some good ideas

The Planet Remade How Geoengineering Could Change the WorldLiver Morton argues in this visionary book it would be as irresponsible to ignore them as it would be foolish to see them as a simple solution to the problemThe Planet Remade explores the history politics and cutting edge science of geoengineering Morton weighs both the promise and perils of these controversial strategies and puts them in the broadest possible context The past century's changes to the planet to the clouds and the soils to the winds and the seas to the great cycles of nitrogen and carbon have been far profound than most Lays out some of the major schemes for artificially mending climate change globally The suggestions are a bit blue sky speculation but not totally leftfield Some of them could work I think the politics is knottier than the engineering fixes Some good ideas

Pdf ´ How Geoengineering Could Change the World ✓ Oliver Morton

The Planet Remade: How Geoengineering Could Change the World ñ The risks of global warming are pressing and potentially vast The difficulty of doing without fossil fuels is daunting possibly even insurmountable So there is an urgent need to rethink our responses to the crisis To meet that need a small but increasingly influential group of scientists is exploring proposals for planned human intervention in the climate system a stratospheric veil against the sun the cultivation of photosynthetic plankton fleets of unmanned ships seeding the clouds These are the technologies of geoengineerin and as O We've had plenty of books on climate change its impact what we can do about it and so forth But one of the aspects that tends to be treated very narrowly is that 'what we can do about it' Specifically solutions tend to be about reducing production of greenhouse gasses But all the evidence is that this will not be enough and that there will be a reuirement for geoengineering taking on active changes to reduce warming or to get carbon out of the atmosphere or bothMany green organisations don't like geoengineering because they see it as of the same humans interfering with the environment which they should leave alone but if you take a logical rather than emotional approach then some form of geoengineering will almost certainly be necessaryOliver Morton makes a persuasive case for this in an odd book which meanders between the factual and unnecessarily poetic in a way that readers will either love or hate Considering the content the book is far too long padded out with an awful lot of prose that doesn't do much often making tangential references to some kind of geoengineering activity So for instance on the last page we get this paragraphUp above and far away too far for any eye but the mind's a future lifted on long strong wings starts a graceful cautious turn It seems almost beyond the bonds of Earth but it does not fly in freedom; there are things it cannot do and must not do many ways for it to slip and fall The future is hemmed in on one hand by its design on the other by the unforgiving laws of nature But its heading and height can with skill be changedWhat Really Haven't a clue and that's 30 seconds of my life I won't get back There is far too much of this meandering waffle and were it not for the power of the argument when he does stay on topic I would only give this book three stars But the fact is that when Morton does focus we get lots of great material on geoengineering He spends a lot of time on modifying what he calls the 'earthsystem' by 'veilmaking' as you may gather he likes making up words or using these neologisms if someone else dreamed them up ie spraying material up in the stratosphere which will reduce incoming energy from the Sun and hence reduce warmingThere is also a fair amount probably the most interesting part of the book on cloud science and manipulation of clouds and their impact on warming or cooling By comparison most of the methods of taking carbon out of the atmosphere get short shrift Carbon capture and storage is probably correctly dismissed as simply not doing enough and most of the mechanisms for taking carbon from the air at large are simply too expensive in money andor land usage to be meaningfully deployedI came out of the other end of the experience of reading this book convinced we ought to be doing on geoengineering but without a clear picture of the way forward in part because of the obscurity of the writing I think this book will delight someone who wants to get all touchy feely about the concept but it left me wanting Even so it is doing something that no one else has and so is worth a try Pdf ´ How Geoengineering Could Change the World ✓ Oliver Morton

Oliver Morton ✓ How Geoengineering Could Change the World Text

Oliver Morton ✓ How Geoengineering Could Change the World Text Of us realize Appreciating those changes clarifies not just the scale of what needs to be done about global warming but also our relationship to natureClimate change is not just one of the twenty first century's defining political challenges Morton untangles the implications of our failure to meet the challenge of climate change and reintroduces the hope that we might He addresses the deep fear that comes with seeing humans as a force of nature and asks what it might mean and what it might reuire of us to try and use that force for go In this ambitious book Oliver Morton attempts a tricky task simultaneously introducing and examining the scope of climate geoengineering; and also imagining its utopian application not just technologically utopian but also politically and socially The book’s strength is that it largely achieves these two potentially contradictory tasks Morton delivers a utopian scenario for climate geoengineering while still giving enough attention to its possible pitfalls and missteps to reveal just how difficult such a path would be to craft in reality Time and again he emphasizes the need for care compassion and justice in in both the purposes and design of a climate geoengineering intervention Morton’s utopian scenario is one in which stratospheric aerosol injection SAI is deployed to give society ‘breathing space’ to ramp down carbon emissions and develop carbon removal techniues It’s deployment would be led by a ‘club’ of low emission nations and used as negotiated leverage to incite elevated mitigation by others Morton acknowledges that the linkage here might be hard to achieve and that others might rather slack off their efforts In what might be a nod to Iain Banks’ ‘Concern’ from Transition 2009 Morton’s climate club is dubbed ‘The Concert’ It begins in secret with little power but with high leverage approaches plays a critical role in changing how humanity sees its role on the planet and relationship with natureMorton claims only that he has constructed one plausible pathway for a beneficial deployment of SAI – for which his alias of ‘veil making’ used ostensibly to avoid technical language softens the idea making it palatable as well as accessible He is however at pains to acknowledge alternative damaging routes which may in reality be likely in the face of real world irrationality He treats the ‘moral hazard’ that critical actors might reduce mitigation efforts if geoengineering is available seriously and neatly encapsulates one scary variant as the ‘superfreak pivot’ that climate deniers will shift to support geoengineering as yet another reason to do nothing about emissions The crux is that Morton does not believe pathways without geoengineering can avoid climate harms without causing other serious social or economic harms He sees a need for high leverage interventions with strong governance foundations because economic and climate inertia mean mitigation is now too late or slow So he is forced to seek out a ‘good’ geoengineering pathway however difficult it is to construct The Planet Remade covers all the main proposed geoengineering techniues – not just SAI but also ocean iron fertilization OIF marine cloud brightening MCB bioenergy with carbon capture and storage BECCS and direct air capture DAC outlining their history the current state of knowledge and expected risks and benefits and impressively without descending into the alphabet soup of all these acronyms But – thankfully it is than a popular science book about new technologies it raises important philosophical ethical and political uestions It successfully pushes the reader beyond current assumptions about what geoengineering might be and why it might be done – to recognize other possibilities both tempting and concerningBut while Morton does well to offer contrary views on the science and technologies involved he is less successful in breaking out of the pervasive framings of geoengineering In posing two uestions in his introduction do you believe climate risk to merit serious action Do you think it will be very hard to reduce carbon dioxide emissions to near zero he already reproduces the most sticky frames that unabated climate change is a huge even catastrophic problem; that political approaches to resolving the challenge have largely failed and cannot now be expected to work; and that novel technological responses are the most likely possibilities now – as ways to ameliorate climate impacts without deep changes in society Elsewhere he rows back from most of these framings at least a little exploring uestions of politics and justice and actively rejecting climate emergency arguments but in terms of establishing a setting in which geoengineering appears rational unavoidable and even desirable the horse has already boltedMorton though clearly disagrees with those who categorically reject geoengineering – for example on grounds of hubris or because it might prevent desirable deep changes in society see for example Clive Hamilton Earthmasters 2013 and Mike Hulme Can Science Fix Climate Change 2014 He recognizes that climate engineering could embody a nuclear weapon like “Dr Strangelove sensibility and an I am become death the destroyer of worlds hubris” p311 but asserts that “If I thought this was a necessary truth at the heart of climate geoengineering I would not have written this book” p312 He concentrates instead on whether it is practical and how it could be done well transparently governed and justly distributed Here Morton’s technological optimism is at its strongest arguments that geoengineering could not be controlled – even those backed by scientific experimentation – are pushed aside in favor of the implicit utopian belief that SAI could be fine tuned to minimize harms even though the effects are almost impossible to attribute – especially over short time scales This though remains an argument on Morton’s terms a largely utilitarian assessment of net costs and benefits Those who think geoengineering is categorically unjustified are unlikely to be convinced by arguments like this on either side Overall Morton offers less to such readers than to those ready to consider the possibility that the world is past the point at which practical accelerated mitigation and adaptation action can adeuately ameliorate the growing impacts of climate changeThe book is also rich in history and Morton finds lessons in wealth of different contexts from weather making to nuclear dreams and nightmares and even asteroid impact detection Morton does not subscribe to the ‘exceptionalist’ doctrine that climate geoengineering is entirely unprecedented and demanding of novel responses and many of his examples add weight to this position However the book’s least convincing passages are those where he seeks to persuade the reader that past human interventions in the nitrogen cycle represent geoengineering in practice and offer helpful lessons for future geo engineering A grounded reading suggests that – like fossil fuel exploitation – human activities to fix nitrogen for explosives and fertilizers are at most ‘unintentional’ geoengineering and the responses Morton praises in the efficient and sustainable management of nitrogen have much in common with emissions abatement than they do with climate geoengineering Despite its focus The Planet Remade is not just about geoengineering It is also about the increasingly trendy idea of the Anthropocene the suggestion that human impact on the planet is so great that we have collectively become not just a geological force but the dominant one in the modern age and that our impacts will be seen in the geological record for eons to come Despite his memorable description of the worst possible outcome of the Anthropocene as being “a Frankenstein planet stitched together by geological resurrection men” p258 Morton’s sympathies seem to lie closer to the Promethean scientists who seek to manage an unavoidable and potentially even ‘good’ Anthropocene than with precautionary scientists and environmentalists who use the term as a warning – a reason for hu