Free download í Du côté de chez Swann à PDF DOC TXT or eBook

Download ☆ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook ½ Marcel Proust

Du côté de chez SwannMarcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time is one of the most entertaining reading experiences in any language and arguably the finest novel of the twentieth century But since its original prewar translation there has been no completely new version in English Now Penguin brings Proust's masterpiece to new audiences throughout the world beginning with Lydia Davis's inte. 685 Du Côté de Chez Swann Swann's Way À La Recherche du Temps Perdu In Search of Lost Time #1 Marcel ProustWriting about this series of novels should be a separate book in itself You do not know where to start as if you want to depict the pyramids of Egypt stone by stone and you really do not know how to deal with the storm of words the word magnificent is too small for this series of novels Far superior to the Gothic cathedrals the Wagner Beethoven operas and the works of all ExpressionistsBut what we learn than anything from this series of novels is that the book is full of a concern a concern called fear of death and fear of dying and not saying all the words that make your mind Chew and eat it This may or may not be understandable to many people That your brain is full of words that knock on this door and that wall to get out but they can not they despise life and devote themselves to an incredible fantasy with which nothing can eual it It so happens that the best description of one of the greatest masterpieces in the history of literature is limited to the term disease and I agree however that many literary masterpieces are full of revealing the condition of sick people From Dostoevsky and Kafka to Celine Hedayat Mishima Faulkner Wolf and Joyce humans do not create anything to be immortal and they are always different Which become immortal; In Search of Lost Time is one such differenceدر جستجوی زمان از دست رفته مارسل پروست مرکز ادبیات؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش در ماه نوامبر سال 1992میلادیعنوان در جستجوی زمان از دست رفته، کتاب اول طرف خانه سوان؛ نویسنده مارسل پروست؛ مترجم مهدی سحابی؛ تهران، نشر مرکز، 1369، شابک 9643054810؛ چاپ دهم 1389؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان فرانسه سده 20مکتاب نخست طرف خانه سوان؛ کتاب دوم در سایه دوشیزگان شکوفا؛ کتاب سوم طرف گرمانت یک؛ کتاب چهارم طرف گرمانت 2؛ کتاب پنجم سدوم و عموره؛ کتاب ششم اسیر؛ کتاب هفتم آلبرتین گمشده گریخته؛ کتاب هشتم زمان بازیافته؛ نوشتن در باره ی این سری از رمانها، خود باید کتابی جداگانه باشد؛ نمیدانید از کجا آغاز کنید، تو گویی بخواهید سنگ به سنگ، اهرام مصر را تصویر کنید، و واقعا ً نمیدانید با طوفان کلمات و واژه ها، چگونه برخورد نمایید، واژه ی «باشکوه» برای این سری از رمانها، بسیار کوچک است؛ شکوهی به مراتب برتر از ساختمان کلیساهای جامع «گوتیک»، اپراهای «واگنر»، «بتهوون»، و آثار همه ی «اکسپرسیونیستها»؛ اما چیزی که بیش از هر چیز از این سری رمانها درمییابیم، اینست که کتاب از یک دغدغه، سرشار است، دغدغه ای به نام «هراس از مرگ»، و «ترس از مُردن»، و نگفتن آن همه واژه ای که روان شما را میجوند و میخورند؛ شاید این برای مردمان بسیاری، قابل درک نباشد و نیست؛ اینکه مغزتان پر از واژه هایی باشد، که خودشان را به این در و آن دیوار بکوبند، تا خارج شوند، ولی نمیتوانند، زندگی را ناچیز میشمارند، و خود را وقف خیالی باورنکردنی میکنند، که هیچ چیز را یارای برابری با آن نیست؛ اینگونه میشود، که برترین وصف یکی از بزرگترین شاهکارهای تاریخ ادبیات، به شرح «بیماری» محدود میشود، و با این هم موافق هستم، که بسیاری از شاهکارهای ادبی، پر از فاش کردن حالات انسانهای بیمار است؛ از «داستایوسکی» و «کافکا» گرفته، تا «سلین»، «هدایت»، «میشیما»، «فاکنر»، «وولف»، و «جویس»، انسانها چیزی را نمیآفرینند، تا جاودانه شود، و همیشه این متفاوتها هستند که جاودانه میشوند؛ «در جست و جوی زمان از دست رفته»، یکی از همین متفاوتهاست؛تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 06061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

Marcel Proust ½ 4 characters

Rnationally acclaimed translation of the first volume Swann's Way Swann's Way is one of the preeminent novels of childhood a sensitive boy's impressions of his family and neighbors all brought dazzlingly back to life years later by the taste of a madeleine It also enfolds the short novel Swann in Love an incomparable study of sexual jealousy that becomes a crucial. Childhood ExpectationsThe Delphic maxim Nosce te ipsum Know thyself is the motivating force not only of Western philosophy and Christian theology but of much of Western literature All of the volumes of In Search of Lost Time are an experiment in self understanding an experiment which incorporates something that is left out of much of modern science particularly psychological science namely the concept of purposefulness Purposefulness is the capacity to consider purpose rather than the adoption of any specific purpose It is a concept which is difficult to grasp and to live with since it easily deteriorates into some specific purpose through the sheer frustration with the unsettlement it provokes The most startling characteristic of Swann’s Way is Proust’s dogged refusal to subvert purposefulness to purposeAbout 20 years ago I was asked to give a speech at a meeting of the Italian Bankers Association At the dinner afterwards I was seated next to the chairman of the Banco Agricultura a charming man of approximately seventy who as many Italian businessmen had a very different social manner than most Northern Europeans Instead of spending ten minutes on pleasantries leading to a serious business conversation the chairman reversed conventional priorities after ten minutes of business oriented chit chat he signalled an end to that portion of our conversation with the line “You know I think Freud had it entirely wrong” A bit taken aback but intrigued by his change of tack I asked how so “According to Freud we all go through traumas when we are young that we have to live through for the rest of our lives” He replied and continued “My experience is completely different I believe that we all make fundamental decisions about ourselves that we try to live up to for the rest of our lives” He then went on to explain how he a scientist by training had ended up in banking as the correct expression of his childhood decisionClearly only the very rare and probably incipiently psychotic child would be able to take a such a decision about himself to become a banker So I was somewhat sceptical about the chairman’s rationale until I watched an instalment of the British ITV programme originally entitled 7 Plus See postscript below; the final instalment is nigh This programme followed the lives of a dozen or so Britons beginning at age seven at subseuent intervals of seven years to my uncertain knowledge the next instalment should capture them at age 63 In the early years the children are clearly both inexperienced and inarticulate as would be expected Yet they make statements which are also clearly reflective of their later experienced and articulate selves Some are uncanny a seven year old Yorkshire lad herding cattle in his remote family farm asked by the interviewer what he wants to do when he grows up replies “I want to know everything about het moon” By his mid thirties he had become a prominent astrophysicist The association between most childhood statements and life outcomes are far subtle than this but almost all correlate to such a degree that one can match young to old merely on the basis of what the children and adults say and do rather than their physical statesThe ITV programme is obviously anecdotal rather than scientific but I nevertheless I find it compelling Alfred Whitehead observed that we are all born either Platonists or Aristotelians As with religious faith we cannot verify either position except by adopting it Confirming evidence flows from the choice not vice versa Proust knows thisThe facts of life do not penetrate to the sphere in which our beliefs are cherished; they did not engender those beliefs and they are powerless to destroy them; they can inflict on them continual blows of contradictions and disproof without weakening them; and an avalanche of miseries and maladies succeeding one another without interruption in the bosom of a family will not make it lose its faith in either the clemency of its God or the capacity of its physicianSo where do these beliefs not just Platonic and Aristotelian but all important beliefs particularly about purpose come from Do we actually decide these beliefs in some sort of analysis and process of verification as rationalists suggest is ‘rational’ Or do they emerge incrementally from our actual experience in the world shaping us through an appreciation of ‘the facts’ as empiricists insist Is anyone really driving the bus at allFor Proust the impetus to action is vague and ambiguous intention not specific causal stimulus not even the ‘future cause’ of a defined purpose; his cosmos is Platonic and idealistic rather than Aristotelian and material; his theology is that of a Bonaventure who finds infinite significance in small things not of a Thomas Auinas who looks to the cosmos for confirmation of the divine; for him the mind is better described by Jungian archetypes than Freudian phobias There is also a profound twist in Proust’s apparent modernism His intense romantic self consciousness the drive to understand oneself through feelings leads to something unexpected and very post modern the recognition that the unconscious is indistinguishable from reality a reality which is created The realm of the particular and individual those parts of the world with proper names like cities and people can't be pinned down We can't be sure where things begin and end including ourselves Our inability to distinguish the particular Kantian thing in itself from what we think of it can even make us ill as Marcel discovers in the book's final part Even profoundly the Self our consciousness combined with this reality is indistinguishable from God As God is infinite and infinitely ‘beyond’ our ability to understand so too the Self That the Self is inherently unknowable except as a direction of search is a conclusion he reaches again and again in Swann’s Way Every feeling is traced through memory until memory merely points further without a material reference When memory stops at objects without recognising the transcendent reality Marcel finds himself in errorNo doubt by virtue of having permanently and indissolubly united so many different impressions in my mind simply because they made me experience them at the same time the Meseglise and Guermantes ways left me exposed in later life to much disillusionment and even to many mistakes For often I have wished to see a person again without realising that it was simply because that person recalled to me a hedge of hawthorne in blossomThis is also the eponymous Swann's fate In attaching the 'signs' of an emotionally moving indeed transformative musical phrase authored significantly by a resident not of Swann's Way but the other path the Guermantes Way in Combray and a female figure in a Botticelli painting Botticelli shared with Swann an ambivalence about commitment in relationship to the person of Odette Swann creates a false reality The music indicates a distant ideal Swann regardsmusical motifs as actual ideas of another world of another order ideas veiled in shadow unknown impenetrable to the human mind but none the less perfectly distinct from one another uneual among themselves in value and significanceHis compulsion to fill the void between these aesthetic ideals which he recognises as divine and his concrete situation with whatever is at hand is overpowering The result is an apparently disastrous confusion and self imposed delusion Swann emerges in Proust's text as an avatar of Saint Augustine knowing that he is over valuing the object of his desire yet unwilling to cease digging the spiritual pit in which he finds himself The second half of the book which is entirely third party narrative uses this tale of destruction as a sort of case study of the theory developed in the first which is entirely introspective and associative There are constant reminders throughout that the map which indicates the direction toward the ideal is not its territory On a short coach trip during childhood with the local doctor for example Marcel recalls the comforting sight of three village church steeples Why are they comforting The scene is pastoral at sunset but minutely crafted analysis gives no clear reason for either the importance of the memory or the intensity of the feeling Nevertheless there is something there just out of sight obscurely attractive just beyond the steeples It is what lies beyond behind this image that is the source of its power His imagery of women is similarly and explicitly archetypal Sometimes in the afternoon sky the moon would creep up white as a cloud furtive lustreless suggesting an ancient actress who does not have to come on for a while and watches the rest of the company for a moment from the auditorium in her ordinary clothes keeping in the background not wishing to attract attention to herselfOften he presents the naked image leaving it without comment except that he considers it significant enough to write about The evocation simply echoes in this exampleHere and there in the distance in a landscape which in the failing light and saturated atmosphere resembled a seascape rather a few solitary houses clinging to the lower slopes of a hill plunged in watery darkness shone out like little boats which have folded their sails and ride at anchor all night upon the seaProust often uses grammar to make his point about the obscure reality of these ‘strange attractors’ as they are called in the modern theory of chaos In describing a meadow by the River Vivonne in CombrayFor the buttercups grew past numbering in this spot where they had chosen for their games among the grass standing singly in couples in whole companies yellow as the yolk of eggs and glowing with an added lustre I felt because being powerless to consummate with my palate the pleasures which the sight of them never failed to give me I would let it accumulate as my eyes ranged over their golden expanse until it became potent enough to produce an effect of absolute purposeless beauty; and so it had been from my earliest childhood when from the towpath I had stretched out my arms towards them before I could even properly spell their charming name a name fit for the Prince in some fairy tale immigrants perhaps from Asia centuries ago but naturalised now for ever in the village satisfied with their modest horizon rejoicing in the sunshine and the water's edge faithful to their little glimpse of the railway station yet keeping none the less like some of our old paintings in their plebeian simplicity a poetic scintillation from the golden EastThe sheer length and complexity of the sentence combined with the ambiguity of the referents of many of the pronouns and the allusions to a mysterious Asian past are components of his monumental experiment to express that which is just beyond the reach of expression Its density is poetic but it is not poetry It is a new genre In it Proust makes the search for the Platonic ideal visible by subverting literary habits but no so much as to make the text incomprehensibleLife then for Marcel is a search in which habits may provide comfort security and facile communication peace even but inhibit discovery of what one is By simply accepting our habitual responses to events as obvious or inevitable we short circuit the investigation of why and how they should be as they are In particular this applies to habits of thought methods if you will our ways of dealing with the emotional world There is no essential method not just for psychology but for thought in general Both the Meseglise Way and the Guermantes Way are essential to one’s formation to use a term from religious development Proust’s implicit proposal is that there is an emotional epistemology which is the heart of human purposefulness but that this epistemology excludes nothing It ‘sweeps in’ everything it can using every approach it can imagineProust’s implicit contention is that what is important in adult life is decided in early conscious life which adult life then induces us to make unconscious thus confirming the chairman of the Banco Agricultural and Freud of whom Proust was ignorant as well as the producers of ITV But like the chairman and unlike Freud Proust appreciated this as a positive necessity For him human beings are creative idealists who become oriented to a certain configuration of not just how the world is but how it ought to be Appreciating the source of this phenomenon is what he is about Proust's ‘therapy’ is not Freudian since he seeks neither to neutralise the motivational effect of childhood ideals nor to subject these ideals to some sort of choice His intention is to further articulate and explore what the ideals might be indeed what we might be behind the veil of appearances The ideals created in childhood are after all as the chairman said what we actually are But the ITV children suggest contrary to the chairman's opinion that these ideals are not deterministic There are any number perhaps an infinite number of ways through which ideals may be interpreted and approached Only afterwards can the creativity of the individual be discerned This is the domain of choice and learning Nosce te ipsum does not imply therefore an analytic understanding of one's desires But without some sort of reflective assessment these desires feelings aversions remain unappreciated as does conseuently the Self in which they occur and which they constitute These desires are created in youth not as specific neurotic fixations but as memories and responses to a vague inarticulate presence essence perhaps which is just behind just beyond what we perceive and what we can express This knowledge is essential because without it we are liable to pursue ineffective paths; but it is also useless because it will bring us no closer to the real content of the ideal Neither the past nor the Self can ever be found or recovered houses roads avenues are as fugitive alas as the years But they can be appreciated 'Worldly' desires those conventions of society are forceful but sterile once achieved love social position power wealth and do not really create that which ought to be because that which ought to be is irretrievable For Proust as for Augustine each of us is a Citizen Kane pursuing an ideal we can know only faintly often through inappropriate means The Rosebud is our uniue possession – or properly a sign to its hidden meaning and it is the only possession we needIn his 1651 publication of The Leviathan Thomas Hobbes makes an intentional mistranslation of Nosce te ipsum ‘Read thyself’ is how he prefers the classic maxim in English When we read we are forced to interpret to bring ourselves into the text When our interpretation becomes a text which it must if it is articulated that too is subject to interpretation And so on ad infinitum As the philosopher Richard Rorty famously uipped it’s interpretation all the way down There is no terminal point of truth in a text nor is there a true Self just as there is no foundation in terms of first principles for thought The post modern position reckons our job as one of permanent interpretation an un ending search for the truth – about the world as well as ourselves Hobbes had the insight that we are texts to be read and interpreted Proust demonstrates how this is done The fact that the horizon recedes at the same pace as it is approached doesn't invalidate the task Goal orientation according to psychologists therapists and management consultants is a desirable human trait This is demonstrably false Goal orientation is a neurosis involving the fixation of purpose regardless of conseuences It implies a wilful rejection of the possibility of learning through experienceThe most vital experience is not about learning how to do something techniue; but learning about what is important to do value Loyalty to purpose is a betrayal of purposefulness of what constitutes being human This is a prevailing poison in modern society Proust understood this toxin and without even giving it a name formulated the cure This for me is the real value of Swann's WayPostscript 26May19

Summary Du côté de chez Swann

Free download í Du côté de chez Swann à PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook º Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time is one of the most entertaining reading experiences in any language and arguably the finest novel of the twentieth century But since its original prewar translation there has been no completely new versPart of the vast unfolding structure of In Search of Lost Time The first volume of the work that established Proust as one of the finest voices of the modern age satirical skeptical confiding and endlessly varied in its response to the human condition Swann's Way also stands on its own as a perfect rendering of a life in art of the past re created through memor. Swann’s Way by Marcel ProustProust Memories Almost 3000 reviews so I thought I would simply give examples of his writing if you have not read him before Beautiful writing lyrical complex maybe even occasionally convoluted First the famous passage about madeleines“And suddenly the memory revealed itself The taste was that of a little piece of the madeleine which on Sunday mornings at Combray because on those mornings I did not go out before mass when I went to say good morning to her in her bedroom my aunt Leonie used to give me dipping it first in her own cup of tea or tisane The sight of the little madeleine had recalled nothing to my mind before I tasted it; perhaps because I had so often seems such things in the meantime without tasting them on the trays in pastry cooks’ windows that their image had disassociated itself from those Combray days to take its place among others recent; perhaps because of those memories so long abandoned and put out of mind nothing now survived everything was scattered; the shapes of things including that of the little scallop shell of pastry so richly sensual under its severe religious folds were either obliterated or had been so long dormant as to have lost the power of expansion which would have allowed them to resume their place in my consciousness But when from a long distant past nothing subsists after the people are dead after the things are broken and scattered taste and smell alone fragile but enduring unsubstantial persistent faithful remain poised a long time like souls remembering waiting hoping amid the ruins of all the rest; and bear unflinchingly in the tiny and almost impalpable drop of their essence the vast structure of recollection” An example of detailed description – Swann’s woman friend “It must be remarked that Odette’s face appeared thinner and sharper than it actually was because the forehead and the upper part of the cheeks that smooth and almost plane surface were covered by the masses of hair which women wore at that period drawn forward in a fringe raised in crimped waves and falling in stray locks over the ears; while as for her figure – and she was admirably built – it was impossible to make out its continuity on account of the fashion then prevailing and in spite of her being one of the best dressed women in Paris so much did the corsage jutting out as though over an imaginary stomach and ending in a sharp point beneath which bulged out the balloon of her double skirts give a woman the appearance of being composed of different sections badly fitted together; to such an extent that the frills the flounces the inner bodice follow uite independently according to the whim of their designer or the consistency of their material the line which led them to the bows the festoons of lace the fringes of dangling jet beads or carried them along the busk but nowhere attached themselves to the living creature who according as the architecture of these fripperies drew them towards or away from her own found herself either straight laced to suffocation or else completely buried”A passage I liked “But the lies which Odette ordinarily told were less innocent and served to prevent discoveries which might have involved her in the most terrible difficulties with one or another of her friends And so when she lied smitten with fear feeling herself to be but feebly armed for her defense unconfident of success she felt like weeping from sheer exhaustion as children weep sometimes when they have not slept Moreover she knew that her lie was usually wounding to the man to whom she was telling it and that she might find herself at his mercy if she told badly Therefore she felt at once humble and guilty in his presence And when she had to tell an in significant social lie its hazardous associations and the memories which it recalled would leave her weak with a sense of exhaustion and penitent with a consciousness of wrongdoing”An example of what I think of as his occasional complex writing As a small boy when the man character’s love and another girl are talking near him about meeting again that evening “The name Gilberte passed close by me invoking all the forcefully the girl whom it labeled in that it did not merely refer to her as one speaks of someone in his absence but was directly addressed to her; it passed thus close by me in action so to speak with a force that increased with the curve of its trajectory and the proximity of its target; carrying in its wake I could feel the knowledge the impressions concerning her to whom it was addressed that belonged not to me but to the friend who called it out everything that as she uttered the words she recalled or at least possessed in her memory of their daily intimacy of the visits that they paid to each other of that unknown existence which was all the inaccessible all the painful to me from being conversely so familiar so tractable to this happy girl who let it brush past me without my being able to penetrate it who flung in on the air with a light hearted cry; wafting through the air the exuisite emanation which it had distilled”Enjoy Note Proust’s masterpiece In Search of Lost Time was originally published in seven volumes There are than a hundred editions and volumes have alternate names in English such as The Prisoner vs The Captive Wikipedia gives a good summary of all the pieces and the seuence of volumes under “In Search of Lost Time” Top photo of the imagined village in Normandy strongly inspired by the village of his childhood Illiers which has now been renamed Illiers Combray From WikipediaSecond photo madeleines from finediningloverscomPainting of the woman who partially inspired Odette from WikipediaThe author from irishtimescom